Ulmus 'Jacqueline Hillier'
Dwarf Elm
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Family: Elm family (Ulmaceae)
Native Habitat: of garden origin

Now here's a nifty little shrub that you can use to stump your neighbors and friends. Unique barely describes 'Jacqueline Hillier'. You probably already have two questions to ask about this shrub. Yes, it actually is an elm and no, it is not affected by Dutch Elm Disease. With those answered, I can tell you a bit more about this wonderful little shrub.

All aspects of this plant are best described as miniature. The leaves are a perfect miniature of the classic elm leaf shape, but they're no more than an inch long. The branches hold the smaller branchlets in a herringbone fashion, just like on full size elms, but this is an incredibly densely branched little shrub so the leaves create an almost solid wall of foliage on the branches. It rarely exceeds 6 ft. in height and width but can reach 10 ft. high after many years. It can be trained to a single stem and grown like a very small tree or it can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub.

Its dwarf size make it a natural for today's smaller gardens but it is rarely offered for sale in the trade. Besides our own gardens, we've seen it only in two other: the Montreal Botanic Gardens and the Dawes Arboretum in Ohio.

Ornamental Characteristics:
Dark green, glossy leaves less than 1 " long. New growth often has a reddish cast. Branches arranged in a herringbone fashion and are quite attractive after the leaves fall in autumn. Very little fall color.
Habit & Growth Rate:
Deciduous ornamental shrub growing to 6 ft. high and wide. Slow to medium growth rate. Can be trained into a single stemmed dwarf tree but more commonly grown as a shrub.
Landscape Uses: Shrub border, foundation planting. Also makes an excellent subject for bonsai.
Hardiness: Zone 5 to 8
Easily grown in average garden soil. Full sun to light shade.